The alternative proposals moot an underground through station rather than a terminus above ground
Fresh proposals for a Manchester HS2 station could eliminate the need for one of the second phases of the rapid-rail network – the part connecting Birmingham and Leeds – saving billions of pounds and unlocking development sites, its proponents say.
Under the alternative proposal from architecture studio Weston Williamson + Partners and consultancy Expedition, a “through station” at Manchester Piccadilly, rather than the existing terminus plans, would allow services from Birmingham to Manchester to continue towards the North East of England and Leeds.
Deciding not to go ahead with the Birmingham to Leeds section of HS2 would save “several billions of pounds”, the two firms said, although they did not provide an exact figure.
The reconfiguration would require a high-speed rail tunnel beneath central Manchester that curves to the north-east to follow the M62 corridor towards a new trans-Pennine tunnel and Leeds, the proposal shows.
A high-speed parkway station would be constructed, close to Junction 20 of the M26, to serve the Rochdale and Oldham communities.
Under the current proposals, which have been drawn up by the High Speed Two rail company and Northern Powerhouse Rail, HS2 trains arriving in Manchester would have to reverse out of the station before continuing their journeys.
The existing plans propose an above-ground terminus next to the existing station. However, Weston Williamson + Partners and Expedition propose an underground station which unlock development opportunities above ground.
By developing the station below ground level, the design team believes it can create a “business district” and “new opportunities for commercial development” above ground and avoid “urban severance” to the east of the station which would be caused under the existing terminus proposals.
“The opportunity for extensive new commercial developments, adjacent to and above the new high-speed railway station, offers the potential for the new low-level station to be part funded by the real-estate value of such developments,” according to the design team.
The alternative proposal provides scope for a “new urban quarter” and regeneration opportunities around Store Street, Chapeltown Street and the Ashton canal, an area which would be known as Station Square, according to the two firms.
Weston Williamson and Expedition’s High Speed Station Square proposal has been submitted in to response to a call in March from the Government’s National Infrastructure Commission for evidence on the existing proposals.
Manchester City Council drawn up a strategic regeneration framework, with Bennetts Associates Mott MacDonald and BuroHappold, for the area around Piccadilly Station to prepare it for the arrival of HS2.
This includes a full overhaul of the railway station itself and close to 2.9m sq ft of office space.
Some 261,000 sq ft of retail space would also be included alongside up to 5,000 apartments, and 250 hotel rooms.
Much of the development is to be to the north of the station, in areas designated as East Village, Piccadilly North, Piccadilly Central, and Piccadilly Heights.
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